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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(2), 381; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15020381

Applicability of the Nordic Occupational Skin Questionnaire for Screening Contact Dermatological Disorders in Sea Fishers

1
Interdisciplinary Department of Medicine, Section of Occupational Medicine “E.C. Vigliani”, University of Bari, 701241 Bari, Italy
2
Department of Biomedical Science and Human Oncology, Section of Dermatology, University of Bari, 701241 Bari, Italy
3
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Section of Dermatology, University of Messina, 98122 Messina, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 December 2017 / Revised: 6 February 2018 / Accepted: 19 February 2018 / Published: 23 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Occupational Safety and Health)
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Abstract

This survey aimed to evaluate the applicability of the Nordic Occupational Skin Questionnaire (NOSQ) as a preliminary screening tool to investigate the presence of contact dermatological disorders in sea fishermen. The Italian version of the NOSQ was administered to 143 male fishermen working at an Apulia (Southern Italy) Fisheries, and 136 male workers who had never worked as sea fishers (controls). A significantly higher rate of frequency of transient itchy wheals on the hands, wrists, and forearms was recorded in the fishermen as compared to the controls (49.6% vs. 8.1%; p < 0.001), while there was no significant difference in the frequency of eczema (8.4% vs. 6.6%). In 46.1% of the fishermen, the onset of transient itchy wheals was associated with contact with specific agents and the most common causes were algae and aquatic plants (49.3%) and seabed sludge (25.3%). In conclusion, the administration of the NOSQ can be useful in preliminary screening for dermatitis in fishermen, although it could show a possible overestimation of the prevalence of transient itchy wheals. View Full-Text
Keywords: NOSQ; contact dermatological disorders; fishermen NOSQ; contact dermatological disorders; fishermen
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Lovreglio, P.; Rotondi, R.; Chiarappa, P.; Romita, P.; Drago, I.; Guarneri, F.; Basso, A.; Soleo, L.; Foti, C. Applicability of the Nordic Occupational Skin Questionnaire for Screening Contact Dermatological Disorders in Sea Fishers. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 381.

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