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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(2), 344; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15020344

Work-Family Conflict, Perceived Organizational Support and Professional Commitment: A Mediation Mechanism for Chinese Project Professionals

1
Faculty of Civil Engineering and Mechanics, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650500, China
2
Department of Construction Management, Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanchang 330013, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 January 2018 / Revised: 8 February 2018 / Accepted: 14 February 2018 / Published: 15 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Improving Safety, Health, and Wellbeing in Construction)
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Abstract

Projects are characterized by long working hours, complex tasks and being a kind of temporary organization. As such, work-family conflict is particularly prominent for project employees. This research examined whether and how work-family conflict affects professional commitment among Chinese project professionals. Research hypotheses were developed to explore the relationship between work-family conflict, professional commitment to the project and the mediating effects of perceived organizational support. Data were collected from 327 project managers or professionals working in construction enterprises in China; data were analyzed using structural equation modeling, applying the bootstrapping method. Results showed that there were three dimensions of work-family conflict: time-based conflict, strain-based conflict and behavior-based conflict. There were two dimensions of perceived organizational support: emotional support and instrumental support. The study also tested the negative effect of work-family conflict on professional commitment and the positive effect of perceived organizational support on professional commitment. Specifically, time-based conflict and emotional support had positive effects on professional commitment. Perceived organizational support had a total mediating effect between work-family conflict and professional commitment. The strain-based conflict dimension of work-family conflict had negative impacts on professional commitment through perceived emotional support and instrumental support. Overall, our findings extend a better understanding of work-family conflict and professional commitment in the project setting and verify the importance of social support in balancing work and family and improving employee mobility. View Full-Text
Keywords: work-family conflict; perceived organizational support; professional commitment; construction enterprises; structural equation modeling; bootstrapping work-family conflict; perceived organizational support; professional commitment; construction enterprises; structural equation modeling; bootstrapping
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Zheng, J.; Wu, G. Work-Family Conflict, Perceived Organizational Support and Professional Commitment: A Mediation Mechanism for Chinese Project Professionals. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 344.

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