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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(2), 335; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15020335

Drugs and Mental Health Problems among the Roma: Protective Factors Promoted by the Iglesia Evangélica Filadelfia

1
CREA—Community of Research on Excellence for All, Facultat d’Economia i Empresa, University of Barcelona, Diagonal Nord, Diagonal 690, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
2
Department of Sociology, Facultat d’Economia i Empresa, University of Barcelona, Diagonal Nord, Diagonal 690, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
3
Department of Sociology, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Edifici B, Office B3-179, 08193 Bellaterra, (Cerdanyola del Vallès), 08034 Barcelona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 December 2017 / Revised: 29 January 2018 / Accepted: 8 February 2018 / Published: 14 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Roma Health)
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Abstract

Background: High incidences of drug consumption and mental health problems are found among the Roma population in Spain, a reality that remains understudied. Past studies have indicated the positive role played by the Iglesia Evangélica Filadelfia (IEF) in promoting rehabilitation and prevention of these practices. Objective: In this article, authors analyze in which ways the IEF favors processes of drug rehabilitation and mental health recovery as well as the prevention of these problems among its Roma members. Methods: A communicative qualitative approach was developed. It was communicative because new knowledge was created by dialogically contrasting the existing state of the art with study participants. It was qualitative because everyday life stories were collected, gathering the experiences, perceptions and interpretations of Roma people who are actively involved in three different IEF churches based in Barcelona. Results: This article identifies these protective factors: anti-drug discourse, a supportive environment, new social relations, role model status, the promotion of interactions, the revaluation of oneself, spiritual activities and the improvement of the feeling of belonging and the creation of meaning. Conclusion: The present research contributes new evidence to the current understanding of the role played by the IEF in improving Roma health status and how the identified protective factors can contribute to rehabilitation and recovery from such problems in other contexts. View Full-Text
Keywords: Roma; Pentecostalism; drugs rehabilitation; mental health; social exclusion Roma; Pentecostalism; drugs rehabilitation; mental health; social exclusion
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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López, J.A.; García, R.F.; Martí, T.S. Drugs and Mental Health Problems among the Roma: Protective Factors Promoted by the Iglesia Evangélica Filadelfia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 335.

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