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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(1), 30; doi:10.3390/ijerph15010030

Emotional Regulation in Young Adults with Internet Gaming Disorder

1
Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung City 807, Taiwan
2
Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Municipal Ta-Tung Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung City 801, Taiwan
3
Graduate Institute of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung City 807, Taiwan
4
Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung City 807, Taiwan
5
Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Municipal Hsiao-Kang Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung City 812, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 November 2017 / Revised: 8 December 2017 / Accepted: 22 December 2017 / Published: 25 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Internet and Mobile Phone Addiction: Health and Educational Effects)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [292 KB, uploaded 25 December 2017]

Abstract

People diagnosed with Internet gaming disorder (IGD) have been frequently reported to experience depression, anxiety, and hostility. Emotional regulation contributes to these mood symptoms. This study evaluated emotional regulation in subjects with IGD and examined relationships between emotional regulation, depression, anxiety, and hostility in young adults with IGD. We recruited 87 people with IGD and a control group of 87 people without a history of IGD. All participants underwent a diagnostic interview based on the IGD criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, and they completed a questionnaire on emotional regulation, depression, anxiety, and hostility. We found that subjects with IGD were less likely to practice cognitive reappraisal and were more likely to suppress their emotions. Linear regression revealed the higher cognitive reappraisal and lower expressive suppression associated with depression, anxiety, and hostility among subjects with IGD. The emotional regulation strategies that characterize those with IGD could be contributing factors to the depression and hostility tendencies of these people. When treating patients with IGD, in addition to providing appropriate interventions to relieve depression and hostility, practitioners should effectively assess emotional regulation strategies and provide emotional regulation therapy to prevent a vicious cycle of negative emotions. View Full-Text
Keywords: Internet gaming disorder; IGD; emotional regulation; cognitive reappraisal; suppression; depression; hostility Internet gaming disorder; IGD; emotional regulation; cognitive reappraisal; suppression; depression; hostility
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yen, J.-Y.; Yeh, Y.-C.; Wang, P.-W.; Liu, T.-L.; Chen, Y.-Y.; Ko, C.-H. Emotional Regulation in Young Adults with Internet Gaming Disorder. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 30.

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