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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(1), 24; doi:10.3390/ijerph15010024

Concept of Aided Phytostabilization of Contaminated Soils in Postindustrial Areas

1
Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska 159, Warsaw 02-776, Poland
2
Faculty of Engineering, Artvin Coruh University, Seyitler Campus, Artvin 08000, Turkey
3
Faculty of AgriSciences, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1, Brno 613-00, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 November 2017 / Revised: 20 December 2017 / Accepted: 21 December 2017 / Published: 23 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Soil Pollution and Remediation)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4256 KB, uploaded 23 December 2017]   |  

Abstract

The experiment was carried out in order to evaluate the effects of trace element immobilizing soil amendments, i.e., chalcedonite, dolomite, halloysite, and diatomite on the chemical characteristics of soil contaminated with Cr and the uptake of metals by plants. The study utilized analysis of variance (ANOVA), principal component analysis (PCA) and Factor Analysis (FA). The content of trace elements in plants, pseudo-total and extracted by 0.01 M CaCl2, were determined using the method of spectrophotometry. All of the investigated element contents in the tested parts of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) differed significantly in the case of applying amendments to the soil, as well as Cr contamination. The greatest average above-ground biomass was observed when halloysite and dolomite were amended to the soil. Halloysite caused significant increases of Cr concentrations in the roots. The obtained values of bioconcentration and translocation factors observed for halloysite treatment indicate the effectiveness of using Indian mustard in phytostabilization techniques. The addition of diatomite significantly increased soil pH. Halloysite and chalcedonite were shown to be the most effective and decreased the average Cr, Cu and Zn contents in soil. View Full-Text
Keywords: soil pollution; soil amendments; aided phytostabilization; chromium soil pollution; soil amendments; aided phytostabilization; chromium
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MDPI and ACS Style

Radziemska, M.; Koda, E.; Bilgin, A.; Vaverková, M.D. Concept of Aided Phytostabilization of Contaminated Soils in Postindustrial Areas. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 24.

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