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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(1), 136; doi:10.3390/ijerph15010136

Asbestos Consumption in Mongolia: 1996–2014

Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences, Ulaanbaatar 14210, Mongolia
Dornsife School of Public Health, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 December 2017 / Revised: 6 January 2018 / Accepted: 11 January 2018 / Published: 15 January 2018
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Asbestos is still used in Mongolia in the energy and construction sectors, among others. However, limited data is available on asbestos consumption and asbestos-related disease in Mongolia. The purpose of this paper is to present the available information on the importation of asbestos into Mongolia. We used data on annual asbestos imports between 1996 and 2014 from Mongolian Customs Statistics and the National Council on Toxic and Hazardous Substances Affairs. The uses of this material are also presented with respect to chrysotile alone. Most asbestos is used for construction. Mongolia started using asbestos in the energy and construction industries as thermal insulation in 1961. Asbestos is still allowed for use in Mongolia under the Law on Toxic and Hazards Substances. There are no asbestos mines in Mongolia, and the manufacture of asbestos-containing materials does not take place there. Thus, asbestos is mainly imported from China and Russia. Mongolia used 44,422 metric tons of asbestos-containing materials between 1996 and 2014. In Mongolia, with the current use of asbestos, there will be a continuing risk of developing asbestos-related diseases from past use, and proper oversight of asbestos-involving activities and the safe removal and disposal of asbestos must be considered. View Full-Text
Keywords: asbestos use; chrysotile; Mongolia asbestos use; chrysotile; Mongolia

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Damiran, N.; Frank, A. Asbestos Consumption in Mongolia: 1996–2014. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 136.

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