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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(1), 105; doi:10.3390/ijerph15010105

Heavy Environmental Pressure in Campania and Other Italian Regions: A Short Review of Available Evidence

1
General Hospital Sarno, Local Health Authority ASL SA, 84087 Sarno (Salerno), Italy
2
National Research Council (CNR), ISC, 00185 Rome, Italy
3
Southern Italy Medical Institute (IOS), Medicina Futura Research, 80100 Naples, Italy
4
Euro Mediterranean Scientific Biomedical Institute, 72100 Brindisi, Italy
5
Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies (DiSTeBA), University of Salento, 73100 Lecce, Italy
6
National Research Council (CNR), ISPAAM, 80100 Naples, Italy
7
School of Medicine, University “Federico II”, 80100 Naples, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 November 2017 / Revised: 31 December 2017 / Accepted: 4 January 2018 / Published: 10 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Carcinogens)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [954 KB, uploaded 10 January 2018]   |  

Abstract

The area of Naples and Campania region, in Italy, are experiencing the dramatic consequences of diffuse and illegal waste dumping, resulting in possible threats to human health. This area has been referred to as the “Land of Fires” because of the common practice of waste burning. International interest in the Campania “waste emergency” has triggered several epidemiological studies. This article is aimed at highlighting the body of evidence available concerning human and environmental contamination in the Campania region, and considers the possible lack of comparable knowledge about the situation in other areas suffering from high environmental pollution. We analyzed the results of studies addressing environmental pollution and population health in the Campania region, starting from the most recent reviews on this topic, and compared their findings with those concerning other regions. We reviewed 18 studies of epidemiological/cancer surveillance and human or animal biomonitoring. These studies show worrying results, which could be considered comparable to those available for other Italian areas impacted by heavy industrial activities. The release of environmental contaminants associated with waste incineration and waste disposal in landfills poses a risk to public health, as shown by a number of studies (although not conclusively). The current knowledge available for the Campania region is better than that available for other areas which are facing similar problems due to anthropic activities, including illegal waste trafficking. Thus, Naples and Campania could represent a valuable setting to develop general models for studies of environmental and human contamination. View Full-Text
Keywords: illegal dumping; cancer incidence; environment and health; environmental monitoring illegal dumping; cancer incidence; environment and health; environmental monitoring
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mazza, A.; Piscitelli, P.; Falco, A.; Santoro, M.L.; Colangelo, M.; Imbriani, G.; Idolo, A.; De Donno, A.; Iannuzzi, L.; Colao, A. Heavy Environmental Pressure in Campania and Other Italian Regions: A Short Review of Available Evidence. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 105.

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