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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(9), 950; doi:10.3390/ijerph14090950

The Association between Air Pollution and Population Health Risk for Respiratory Infection: A Case Study of Shenzhen, China

1
College of Geomatics, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
3
Shenzhen Prevention and Treatment Center for Occupational Disease, Shenzhen 518020, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 July 2017 / Revised: 9 August 2017 / Accepted: 18 August 2017 / Published: 23 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ambient Air Pollution and Health Vulnerability)
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Abstract

Nowadays, most of the research on air pollution and its adverse effects on public health in China has focused on megacities and heavily-polluted regions. Fewer studies have focused on cities that are slightly polluted. Shenzhen used to have a favorable air environment, but its air quality has deteriorated gradually as a result of development in recent years. So far, no systematic investigations have been conducted on the adverse effects of air pollution on public health in Shenzhen. This research has applied a time series analysis model to study the possible association between different types of air pollution and respiratory hospital admission in Shenzhen in 2013. Respiratory hospital admission was divided into two categories for comparison analysis among various population groups: acute upper respiratory infection and acute lower respiratory infection. The results showed that short-term exposure to ambient air pollution was significantly associated with acute respiratory infection hospital admission in Shenzhen in 2013. Children under 14 years old were the main susceptible population of acute respiratory infection due to air pollution. PM10, PM2.5 and NO2 were the primary air pollutants threatening respiratory health in Shenzhen. Though air pollution level is generally relatively low in Shenzhen, it will benefit public health to control the pollution of particulate matter as well as other gaseous pollutants. View Full-Text
Keywords: air pollution; hospital admission; acute respiratory infection; time series study air pollution; hospital admission; acute respiratory infection; time series study
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Xia, X.; Zhang, A.; Liang, S.; Qi, Q.; Jiang, L.; Ye, Y. The Association between Air Pollution and Population Health Risk for Respiratory Infection: A Case Study of Shenzhen, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 950.

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