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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(9), 1069; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14091069

Gender Differences in Problematic Alcohol Consumption in University Professors

1
Department of Basic Psychology, Psychobiology and Methodology of Behavioral Sciences, University of Salamanca, 37008 Salamanca, Spain
2
Department of Psychology, European University of Madrid, 28670 Villaviciosa de Odon, Spain
3
Department of Psychology, Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja, 11-01-608 Loja, Ecuador
4
Department of Psychology and Pedagogy, Public University of Navarra, 31006 Pamplona, Spain
5
Department of Behavioral Sciences, International University of La Rioja, 26004 Logroño, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 July 2017 / Revised: 4 September 2017 / Accepted: 12 September 2017 / Published: 15 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Occupational Safety and Health)
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Abstract

The role of job satisfaction and other psychosocial variables in problematic alcohol consumption within professional settings remains understudied. The aim of this study is to assess the level of problematic alcohol consumption among male and female university professors and associated psychosocial variables. A total of 360 professors (183 men and 177 women) of a large private university in Ecuador were surveyed using standardized instruments for the following psychosocial measures: alcohol consumption, job satisfaction, psychological stress, psychological flexibility, social support and resilience. Problematic alcohol consumption was found in 13.1% of participants, although this was significantly higher (χ2 = 15.6; d.f. = 2, p < 0.001) in men (19.1%) than women (6.8%). Problematic alcohol consumption was reported in men with higher perceived stress and job satisfaction. However, 83.3% of women with problematic alcohol use reported lower job satisfaction and higher psychological inflexibility. Results suggest that job satisfaction itself did not prevent problematic alcohol consumption in men; stress was associated with problematic consumption in men and psychological inflexibility in women. Findings from this study support the need to assess aspects of alcohol consumption and problematic behavior differently among men and women. Intervention strategies aimed at preventing or reducing problematic alcohol consumption in university professors must be different for men and women. View Full-Text
Keywords: alcohol; gender; university; professors; job satisfaction alcohol; gender; university; professors; job satisfaction
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Ruisoto, P.; Vaca, S.L.; López-Goñi, J.J.; Cacho, R.; Fernández-Suárez, I. Gender Differences in Problematic Alcohol Consumption in University Professors. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1069.

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