Screening for Autochthonous Phytoextractors in a Heavy Metal Contaminated Coal Mining Area
AbstractIn order to protect public health and crops from soil heavy metal (HM) contamination at a coal mining area in Henan, central China, HM pollution investigation and screening of autochthonous HM phytoextractors were conducted. The concentrations of cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) in surface soils exceeded the corresponding local background values and the China National Standard (CNS). The maximum potential ecological risk (RI) was 627.30, indicating very high ecological risk. The monomial risk of Cd contributed the most to the RI, varying from 85.48% to 96.48%. The plant community structure in the study area was simple, and was composed of 24 families, 37 genera and 40 species. B. pilosa, A. roxburghiana, A. argyi, A. hispidus were found to be the most dominant species at considerable risk sites. Based on the comprehensive analysis of Cd concentration, bioconcentration factor, translocation factor and adaptability factor, B. pilosa and A. argyi had potential for phytoextraction at considerable risk sites. A. roxburghiana had potential for Cd phytoextraction at moderately risk sites and A. hispidus seemed suitable for phytostabilization. The results could contribute to the phytoremediation of the similar sites. View Full-Text
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Li, K.; Lun, Z.; Zhao, L.; Zhu, Q.; Gu, Y.; Li, M. Screening for Autochthonous Phytoextractors in a Heavy Metal Contaminated Coal Mining Area. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1068.
Li K, Lun Z, Zhao L, Zhu Q, Gu Y, Li M. Screening for Autochthonous Phytoextractors in a Heavy Metal Contaminated Coal Mining Area. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2017; 14(9):1068.Chicago/Turabian Style
Li, Kuangjia; Lun, Zijian; Zhao, Lin; Zhu, Qilong; Gu, Yansheng; Li, Manzhou. 2017. "Screening for Autochthonous Phytoextractors in a Heavy Metal Contaminated Coal Mining Area." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 14, no. 9: 1068.
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