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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(8), 911; doi:10.3390/ijerph14080911

Health Risks Awareness of Electronic Waste Workers in the Informal Sector in Nigeria

1
Institute of Environmental Sciences (CML), Leiden University, P.O. Box 9518, 2300 RA, 2311 EZ Leiden, The Netherlands
2
Center for Safety of Substances and Products, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), P.O. Box 1, 3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 June 2017 / Revised: 28 July 2017 / Accepted: 10 August 2017 / Published: 13 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Occupational Safety and Health)
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Abstract

Insight into the health risk awareness levels of e-waste workers is important as it may offer opportunities for better e-waste recycling management strategies to reduce the health effects of informal e-waste recycling. Therefore, this study assessed the knowledge, attitude, and practices associated with occupational health risk awareness of e-waste workers compared with a control group (butchers) in the informal sector in Nigeria. A cross-sectional study was used to assess health risk awareness of 279 e-waste workers (repairers and dismantlers) and 221 butchers from the informal sector in three locations in Nigeria in 2015. A questionnaire was used to obtain information on socio-demographic backgrounds, occupational history, knowledge, attitude, and work practices. The data was analysed using Analysis of Variance. The three job designations had significantly different knowledge, attitude, and practice mean scores (p = 0.000), with butchers consistently having the highest mean scores. Only 43% of e-waste workers could mention one or more Personal Protective Equipment needed for their job compared with 70% of the butchers. The health risk awareness level of the e-waste workers was significantly lower compared with their counterparts in the same informal sector. A positive correlation existed between the workers’ knowledge and their attitude and practice. Therefore, increasing the workers’ knowledge may decrease risky practices. View Full-Text
Keywords: electronic waste workers; health risk knowledge; attitude; practice; informal sector; informal economy; Nigeria electronic waste workers; health risk knowledge; attitude; practice; informal sector; informal economy; Nigeria
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ohajinwa, C.M.; Van Bodegom, P.M.; Vijver, M.G.; Peijnenburg, W.J.G.M. Health Risks Awareness of Electronic Waste Workers in the Informal Sector in Nigeria. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 911.

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