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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(8), 912; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14080912

Factors Affecting Depressive Symptoms among North Korean Adolescent Refugees Residing in South Korea

1
Department of Research Planning, Mental Health Research Institute, National Center for Mental Health, Seoul 04933, Korea
2
Department of Social psychiatry and Rehabilitation, National Center for Mental Health, Seoul 04933, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 July 2017 / Revised: 1 August 2017 / Accepted: 8 August 2017 / Published: 14 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Refugee Health)
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Abstract

We examined factors affecting the depressive symptoms and the relationship between depression and quality of life among 131 North Korean adolescent refugees aged 12–24 years. We compared sociodemographic, social, and individual characteristics and perceived the quality of life between participants with and without depression. Thirty-seven refugees (28.2%) had clinically significant depressive symptoms. The refugees with depression were younger (t = 2.67; p = 0.009), more likely to be male (χ2 = 6.98; p = 0.009), and more likely to have a Chinese father (χ2 = 9.05; p = 0.003) than those without depression. The refugees with depression had lower levels of psychological social support (t = 2.96; p = 0.004) and resilience (t = 4.24; p < 0.001) and higher levels of alcohol problems (t = −2.08; p = 0.043), aggression (t = −3.15; p = 0.003), and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD; t = −2.89; p = 0.004). They also reported lower levels of life satisfaction (t = 3.31; p = 0.001) and had a more negative view of their future (t = 2.68; p = 0.010). Interventions to increase resilience, to decrease the impact of traumatic events, and to provide psychological support may be helpful for North Korean adolescent refugees at risk of depression. View Full-Text
Keywords: North Korean adolescent refugees; depression; risk factor; protective factor North Korean adolescent refugees; depression; risk factor; protective factor
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Park, S.; Lee, M.; Jeon, J.Y. Factors Affecting Depressive Symptoms among North Korean Adolescent Refugees Residing in South Korea. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 912.

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