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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(7), 702; doi:10.3390/ijerph14070702

Determination of Trace Metal Levels in the General Population of Korea

1
Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Chungju 27376, Korea
2
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Seoul Clinical Laboratories, Yongin 16954, Korea
3
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Research Institute of Biomedical Engineering, College of Science & Technology, Konkuk University, Chungju 27478, Korea
4
Konkuk University, Chungju 27478, Korea
5
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Chungju 27376, Korea
6
Department of Family Medicine, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Chungju 27376, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 May 2017 / Revised: 27 June 2017 / Accepted: 27 June 2017 / Published: 29 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Heavy Metals: Environmental and Human Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [327 KB, uploaded 29 June 2017]

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the levels of trace metals in the blood of the general Korean population. A total of 258 healthy individuals, according to their regular medical check-ups, (119 males and 139 females, age ranging from 12 to 78 years old) were enrolled from December 2014 to December 2016. Levels of 10 trace elements were determined using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The geometric mean (GM) levels for lead, arsenic, cesium, mercury, aluminum, cadmium, copper, manganese, selenium, and zinc were 15.97 μg/L, 7.19 μg/L, 2.39 μg/L, 3.41 μg/L, 10.57 μg/L, 0.78 μg/L, 979.8 μg/L, 11.06 μg/L, 111.37 μg/L, and 872.7 μg/L, respectively. There were significant gender-related differences in the levels of several metals; male individuals had higher Pb, As, Cs, Hg, and Se than females, while females had higher Cd, Cu, and Mn than males. We noticed remarkably high blood levels of Hg, As and Al in the Korean population. The element concentrations reported represent a new contribution to the knowledge of the blood chemistry for the Korea population. The data can be used to assess the clinical health of this population. View Full-Text
Keywords: trace metal; inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry; Korea trace metal; inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry; Korea
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, H.-J.; Lim, H.-S.; Lee, K.-R.; Choi, M.-H.; Kang, N.M.; Lee, C.H.; Oh, E.-J.; Park, H.-K. Determination of Trace Metal Levels in the General Population of Korea. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 702.

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