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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(7), 673; doi:10.3390/ijerph14070673

Socioeconomic Status and Health: A New Approach to the Measurement of Bivariate Inequality

1
Department of Economics, University of Antwerp, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
2
Centre for Health Policy, University of Melbourne, Melbourne 3010, Australia
3
Department of Economics, University of Antwerp & Flemish Research Foundation (FWO), 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
4
Department of Operations Management & Institute for Business and Industrial Statistics, University of Amsterdam, 1018 TV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ulf-G. Gerdtham
Received: 11 April 2017 / Revised: 14 June 2017 / Accepted: 14 June 2017 / Published: 23 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Health Services and Health Economics Research)
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Abstract

We suggest an alternative way to construct a family of indices of socioeconomic inequality of health. Our indices belong to the broad category of linear indices. In contrast to rank-dependent indices, which are defined in terms of the ranks of the socioeconomic variable and the levels of the health variable, our indices are based on the levels of both the socioeconomic and the health variable. We also indicate how the indices can be modified in order to introduce sensitivity to inequality in the socioeconomic distribution and to inequality in the health distribution. As an empirical illustration, we make a comparative study of the relation between income and well-being in 16 European countries using data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) Wave 4. View Full-Text
Keywords: inequality measurement; socioeconomic inequality of health; bivariate inequality inequality measurement; socioeconomic inequality of health; bivariate inequality
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Erreygers, G.; Kessels, R. Socioeconomic Status and Health: A New Approach to the Measurement of Bivariate Inequality. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 673.

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