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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(4), 453; doi:10.3390/ijerph14040453

Fat Mass Is Positively Associated with Estimated Hip Bone Strength among Chinese Men Aged 50 Years and above with Low Levels of Lean Mass

Department of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China
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Academic Editor: Peter Clifton
Received: 1 February 2017 / Revised: 30 March 2017 / Accepted: 19 April 2017 / Published: 24 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
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Abstract

This study investigated the relationships of fat mass (FM) and lean mass (LM) with estimated hip bone strength in Chinese men aged 50–80 years (median value: 62.0 years). A cross-sectional study including 889 men was conducted in Guangzhou, China. Body composition and hip bone parameters were generated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The relationships of the LM index (LMI) and the FM index (FMI) with bone phenotypes were detected by generalised additive models and multiple linear regression. The associations between the FMI and the bone variables in LMI tertiles were further analysed. The FMI possessed a linear relationship with greater estimated hip bone strength after adjustment for the potential confounders (p < 0.05). Linear relationships were also observed for the LMI with most bone phenotypes, except for the cross-sectional area (p < 0.05). The contribution of the LMI (4.0%–12.8%) was greater than that of the FMI (2.0%–5.7%). The associations between the FMI and bone phenotypes became weaker after controlling for LMI. Further analyses showed that estimated bone strength ascended with FMI in the lowest LMI tertile (p < 0.05), but not in the subgroups with a higher LMI. This study suggested that LM played a critical role in bone health in middle-aged and elderly Chinese men, and that the maintenance of adequate FM could help to promote bone acquisition in relatively thin men. View Full-Text
Keywords: fat mass; lean mass; bone mineral density; bone geometry; Chinese men fat mass; lean mass; bone mineral density; bone geometry; Chinese men
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Han, G.; Chen, Y.-M.; Huang, H.; Chen, Z.; Jing, L.; Xiao, S.-M. Fat Mass Is Positively Associated with Estimated Hip Bone Strength among Chinese Men Aged 50 Years and above with Low Levels of Lean Mass. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 453.

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