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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(4), 398; doi:10.3390/ijerph14040398

Attractive Toxic Sugar Bait (ATSB) For Control of Mosquitoes and Its Impact on Non-Target Organisms: A Review

1
Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida, 1881 Natural Area Drive Gainesville, FL 32608, USA
2
Anastasia Mosquito Control District, 120 EOC Drive, St. Augustine, FL 32092, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 January 2017 / Revised: 3 April 2017 / Accepted: 7 April 2017 / Published: 10 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mosquito Control Innovations into The 21st Century)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [291 KB, uploaded 12 April 2017]

Abstract

Mosquito abatement programs contend with mosquito-borne diseases, insecticidal resistance, and environmental impacts to non-target organisms. However, chemical resources are limited to a few chemical classes with similar modes of action, which has led to insecticide resistance in mosquito populations. To develop a new tool for mosquito abatement programs that control mosquitoes while combating the issues of insecticidal resistance, and has low impacts of non-target organisms, novel methods of mosquito control, such as attractive toxic sugar baits (ATSBs), are being developed. Whereas insect baiting to dissuade a behavior, or induce mortality, is not a novel concept, as it was first introduced in writings from 77 AD, mosquito baiting through toxic sugar baits (TSBs) had been quickly developing over the last 60 years. This review addresses the current body of research of ATSB by providing an overview of active ingredients (toxins) include in TSBs, attractants combined in ATSB, lethal effects on mosquito adults and larvae, impact on non-target insects, and prospects for the use of ATSB. View Full-Text
Keywords: attractive toxic sugar baits; mosquito control; sugar feeding attractive toxic sugar baits; mosquito control; sugar feeding
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Fiorenzano, J.M.; Koehler, P.G.; Xue, R.-D. Attractive Toxic Sugar Bait (ATSB) For Control of Mosquitoes and Its Impact on Non-Target Organisms: A Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 398.

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