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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(4), 373; doi:10.3390/ijerph14040373

Requalification of a Brazilian Trichoderma Collection and Screening of Its Capability to Decolourise Real Textile Effluent

1
Department of Mycology, Centre of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, PE 50740-600, Brazil
2
Department of Chemical Sciences and Natural Resources, Centro de Excelencia en Investigación Biotecnológica Aplicada al Medio Ambiente (CIBAMA), Scientific and Technological Bioresource Nucleus (BIOREN), Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco 4811-230, Chile
3
Academic Unity of Garanhuns, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Garanhuns, PE 55292-270, Brazil
4
CEB-Centre of Biological Engineering, Micoteca da Universidade do Minho, University of Minho, Braga 4710-057, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jason K. Levy
Received: 27 January 2017 / Revised: 24 March 2017 / Accepted: 27 March 2017 / Published: 1 April 2017
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Abstract

Water contamination with large amounts of industrial textile coloured effluents is an environmental concern. For the treatment of textile effluents, white-rot fungi have received extensive attention due to their powerful capability to produce oxidative (e.g., ligninolytic) enzymes. In addition, other groups of fungi, such as species of Aspergillus and Trichoderma, have also been used for textile effluents treatment. The main aim of the present study was to requalify a Brazilian Trichoderma culture collection of 51 Trichoderma strains, isolated from different sources in Brazil and preserved in the oldest Latin-American Fungal Service Culture Collection, The Micoteca URM WDCM 804 (Recife, Brazil). Fungal isolates were re-identified through a polyphasic approach including macro- and micro-morphology and molecular biology, and screened for their capability to decolourise real effluents collected directly from storage tanks of a textile manufacture. Trichoderma atroviride URM 4950 presented the best performance on the dye decolourisation in real textile effluent and can be considered in a scale-up process at industrial level. Overall, the potential of Trichoderma strains in decolourising real textile dye present in textile effluent and the production of the oxidative enzymes Lac, LiP and MnP was demonstrated. Fungal strains are available in the collection e-catalogue to be further explored from the biotechnological point of view. View Full-Text
Keywords: culture collection; filamentous fungi; laccase; lignin peroxidase; manganese peroxidase; textile effluent decolourisation; Trichoderma identification culture collection; filamentous fungi; laccase; lignin peroxidase; manganese peroxidase; textile effluent decolourisation; Trichoderma identification
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MDPI and ACS Style

Silva Lisboa, D.; Santos, C.; Barbosa, R.N.; Magalhães, O.; Paiva, L.M.; Moreira, K.A.; Lima, N.; Souza-Motta, C.M. Requalification of a Brazilian Trichoderma Collection and Screening of Its Capability to Decolourise Real Textile Effluent. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 373.

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