Next Article in Journal
Implementing a Public Health Objective for Alcohol Premises Licensing in Scotland: A Qualitative Study of Strategies, Values, and Perceptions of Evidence
Previous Article in Journal
Accelerators: Sparking Innovation and Transdisciplinary Team Science in Disparities Research
Article Menu
Issue 3 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(3), 226; doi:10.3390/ijerph14030226

The Association between Ambient Air Pollution and Allergic Rhinitis: Further Epidemiological Evidence from Changchun, Northeastern China

1
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, The Second Hospital, Jilin University, Changchun, 130041, China
2
Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Environment, Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, China
3
Center for Spatial Information Science and Systems, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
4
Department of Pathology, Mount Sinai West, New York City, NY 10019, USA
5
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, The First Hospital, Jilin University, Changchun 130021, China
6
U.S. NOAA Air Resources Laboratory, College Park, MD 20740, USA
7
Department of Immunology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 16 December 2016 / Revised: 9 February 2017 / Accepted: 13 February 2017 / Published: 23 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2422 KB, uploaded 23 February 2017]   |  

Abstract

With the continuous rapid urbanization process over the last three decades, outdoors air pollution has become a progressively more serious public health hazard in China. To investigate the possible associations, lag effects and seasonal differences of urban air quality on respiratory health (allergic rhinitis) in Changchun, a city in Northeastern China, we carried out a time-series analysis of the incidents of allergic rhinitis (AR) from 2013 to 2015. Environmental monitoring showed that PM2.5 and PM10 were the major air pollutants in Changchun, followed by SO2, NO2 and O3. The results also demonstrated that the daily concentrations of air pollutants had obvious seasonal differences. PM10 had higher daily mean concentrations in spring (May, dust storms), autumn (October, straw burning) and winter (November to April, coal burning). The mean daily number of outpatient AR visits in the warm season was higher than in the cold season. The prevalence of allergic rhinitis was significantly associated with PM2.5, PM10, SO2 and NO2, and the increased mobility was 10.2% (95% CI, 5.5%–15.1%), 4.9% (95% CI, 0.8%–9.2%), 8.5% (95% CI, −1.8%–19.8%) and 11.1% (95% CI, 5.8%–16.5%) for exposure to each 1-Standard Deviation (1-SD) increase of pollutant, respectively. Weakly or no significant associations were observed for CO and O3. As for lag effects, the highest Relative Risks (RRs) of AR from SO2, NO2, PM10 and PM2.5 were on the same day, and the highest RR from CO was on day 4 (L4). The results also indicated that the concentration of air pollutants might contribute to the development of AR. To summarize, this study provides further evidence of the significant association between ambient particulate pollutants (PM2.5 and PM10, which are usually present in high concentrations) and the prevalence of respiratory effects (allergic rhinitis) in the city of Changchun, located in Northeastern China. Environmental control and public health strategies should be enforced to address this increasingly challenging problem. View Full-Text
Keywords: air pollution; allergic rhinitis; significant association; seasonal effect; lag effects; Changchun air pollution; allergic rhinitis; significant association; seasonal effect; lag effects; Changchun
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Teng, B.; Zhang, X.; Yi, C.; Zhang, Y.; Ye, S.; Wang, Y.; Tong, D.Q.; Lu, B. The Association between Ambient Air Pollution and Allergic Rhinitis: Further Epidemiological Evidence from Changchun, Northeastern China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 226.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top