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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(2), 198; doi:10.3390/ijerph14020198

The Relationship between Physical Activity and Plasma Glucose Level amongst Ellisras Rural Young Adult Males and Females: Ellisras Longitudinal Study

1
Department of Physiology and Environmental Health, University of Limpopo, Polokwane 0700, South Africa
2
Institute for Health and Care Research (EMGO+), University Medical Center, Vreije Universiteit, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Li Ming Wen
Received: 11 November 2016 / Revised: 9 February 2017 / Accepted: 13 February 2017 / Published: 16 February 2017
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Abstract

Unhealthy lifestyle characteristics such as low physical activity (PA) and high plasma glucose levels (PGLs) may lead to the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus in adulthood. The aim of this study was to investigate (i) the level of physical activity; (ii) the prevalence of pre-diabetes and (iii) the relationship between PA and plasma glucose level in a rural Ellisras adult population aged 18 to 28 years. A total of 713 young adults (349 males and 364 females) who took part in the Ellisras Longitudinal Study participated in the study. Fasting plasma glucose levels were analysed using Accutrend glucose meters. Physical activity data was collected using a validated questionnaire. Linear regression was used to assess the relationship between PA and pre-diabetes. The prevalence of pre-diabetes was between 45.7% and 50.2% and that of physical inactivity was 67.3% and 71.0% for males and females, respectively. There was no significant (p > 0.05) relationship between PA and pre-diabetes (beta = 1.016; 95% Confidence Interval from 0.352 to 2.777). The health benefits of PA increased with the increasing frequency, duration and intensity of exercise. The prevalence of pre-diabetes was found to be very high in this population. Our results suggest that greater physical activity is associated with low plasma glucose levels. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; plasma glucose levels; prediabetes; rural young adults; South Africa physical activity; plasma glucose levels; prediabetes; rural young adults; South Africa
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MDPI and ACS Style

Matshipi, M.; Monyeki, K.D.; Kemper, H. The Relationship between Physical Activity and Plasma Glucose Level amongst Ellisras Rural Young Adult Males and Females: Ellisras Longitudinal Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 198.

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