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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(2), 143; doi:10.3390/ijerph14020143

Employment Condition, Economic Deprivation and Self-Evaluated Health in Europe: Evidence from EU-SILC 2009–2012

1
Department of Economics, University of Perugia (IT), 06123 Perugia, Italy
2
Department of Economics and Social Sciences, Università Politecnica delle Marche (IT), 60121 Ancona, Italy
3
Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Perugia (IT), 06123 Perugia, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ulf-G. Gerdtham
Received: 27 October 2016 / Revised: 10 January 2017 / Accepted: 23 January 2017 / Published: 3 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Health Services and Health Economics Research)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [344 KB, uploaded 3 February 2017]

Abstract

Background: The mixed empirical evidence about employment conditions (i.e., permanent vs. temporary job, full-time vs. part-time job) as well as unemployment has motivated the development of conceptual models with the aim of assessing the pathways leading to effects of employment status on health. Alongside physically and psychologically riskier working conditions, one channel stems in the possibly severe economic deprivation faced by temporary workers. We investigate whether economic deprivation is able to partly capture the effect of employment status on Self-evaluated Health Status (SHS). Methods: Our analysis is based on the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) survey, for a balanced sample from 26 countries from 2009 to 2012. We estimate a correlated random-effects logit model for the SHS that accounts for the ordered nature of the dependent variable and the longitudinal structure of the data. Results and Discussion: Material deprivation and economic strain are able to partly account for the negative effects on SHS from precarious and part-time employment as well as from unemployment that, however, exhibits a significant independent negative association with SHS. Conclusions: Some of the indicators used to proxy economic deprivation are significant predictors of SHS and their correlation with the employment condition is such that it should not be neglected in empirical analysis, when available and further to the monetary income. View Full-Text
Keywords: correlated random-effects model; economic deprivation; longitudinal data; ordered logit model; part-time; self-evaluated health status; temporary employment; unemployment correlated random-effects model; economic deprivation; longitudinal data; ordered logit model; part-time; self-evaluated health status; temporary employment; unemployment
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bacci, S.; Pigini, C.; Seracini, M.; Minelli, L. Employment Condition, Economic Deprivation and Self-Evaluated Health in Europe: Evidence from EU-SILC 2009–2012. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 143.

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