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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(2), 142; doi:10.3390/ijerph14020142

A Profile of Injuries Sustained by Law Enforcement Officers: A Critical Review

Bond Institute of Health and Sport, Bond University, Gold Coast QLD 4229, Australia
Tactical Research Unit, Bond University, Gold Coast QLD 4229, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Anthony R. Mawson
Received: 14 December 2016 / Revised: 17 January 2017 / Accepted: 24 January 2017 / Published: 3 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [725 KB, uploaded 3 February 2017]   |  


Due to the unpredictable, varied and often physical nature of law enforcement duties, police officers are at a high risk of work-related physical injury. The aim of this critical narrative review was to identify and synthesize key findings of studies that have investigated musculoskeletal injuries sustained by law enforcement officers during occupational tasks. A systematic search of four databases using key search terms was conducted to identify potentially relevant studies, which were assessed against key inclusion and exclusion criteria to determine studies to be included in the review. Included studies were critically appraised and the level of evidence determined. Relevant data were extracted, tabulated and synthesized. The 16 identified studies ranged in percentage quality scores from 25.00% to 65.00%, with a mean score of 41.25% and high interrater agreement in scores reflected in a Cohen’s Kappa coefficient, κ = 0.977. The most common body site of injury was the upper extremity, the most common injury types were soft-tissue sprains and strains and the most common cause of injury was a non-compliant offender, often involving assault. However, there was limited peer reviewed research in this area and the published research had a narrow focus and was of low to fair methodological quality. View Full-Text
Keywords: police; law enforcement; injury; tactical; occupational health police; law enforcement; injury; tactical; occupational health

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Lyons, K.; Radburn, C.; Orr, R.; Pope, R. A Profile of Injuries Sustained by Law Enforcement Officers: A Critical Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 142.

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