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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(2), 131; doi:10.3390/ijerph14020131

Smoking Patterns and Smoking Cessation Willingness—A Study among Beneficiaries of Government Welfare Assistance in Poland

1
Department of Tobacco Control, Preventive Medicine Department, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, 90-752, Poland
2
Department of Work Physiology and Ergonomics, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Lodz 91-348, Poland
3
Department of Nutrition in Digestive Tract Diseases, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, 93-338, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 October 2016 / Accepted: 25 January 2017 / Published: 27 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tobacco Control and Priority Groups)
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Abstract

This study examines the prevalence and tobacco use patterns among adult social assistance beneficiaries and their interest in quitting. The results are based on data collected in a cross-sectional survey conducted among adults in the Piotrkowski district. A sample of 3636 social assistance beneficiaries produced a total of 1817 respondents who completed face-to-face questionnaires. Overall, 37.1% of the respondents, including 52.8% men and 29.6% women, were current smokers. Over one third of the smokers reported their willingness to quit. In the study population, several characteristics were significantly associated with the current daily smoking: male gender, low educational attainment, unemployment or temporary employment, lack of awareness of smoking-associated health risks, use of e-cigarettes, and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). The intention to quit smoking among the daily smokers was positively correlated with their awareness of smoking-associated health risks, lack of previous quit attempts, and low exposure to ETS. Smoking prevalence among social assistance recipients tends to be higher than in the general population, but more than half of the smokers are willing to quit. There is an urgency to develop policies tailored to the needs of these disadvantaged population groups. View Full-Text
Keywords: tobacco control; cigarettes; smoking cessation; electronic cigarettes; disadvantaged groups; low socioeconomic status population tobacco control; cigarettes; smoking cessation; electronic cigarettes; disadvantaged groups; low socioeconomic status population
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Milcarz, K.; Makowiec-Dąbrowska, T.; Bak-Romaniszyn, L.; Kaleta, D. Smoking Patterns and Smoking Cessation Willingness—A Study among Beneficiaries of Government Welfare Assistance in Poland. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 131.

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