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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(12), 1551; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14121551

Seasonal Influenza Vaccine Acceptance among Pregnant Women in Zhejiang Province, China: Evidence Based on Health Belief Model

Institute of Immunization and Prevention, Zhejiang Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Hangzhou 310000, China
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Received: 22 November 2017 / Revised: 8 December 2017 / Accepted: 9 December 2017 / Published: 11 December 2017
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Abstract

Background: Reasons for acceptance of seasonal influenza vaccine (SIV) vaccination among pregnant women in China are poorly understood. We assessed the intention to accept SIV among pregnant women in Zhejiang province, by using a self-administrated structured questionnaire developed on the basis of health belief model (HBM). Methods: From 1 January to 31 March 2014, pregnant women with ≥12 gestational weeks who attended antenatal clinics (ANCs) at public hospitals in 6 out of 90 districts were surveyed using a self-administered questionnaire that covered knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs related to SIV vaccination and influenza infection. We examined the associations between the acceptance of SIV vaccination and the demographic factors and HBM constructs using the logistic regression model, calculating the adjusted odds ratio (AOR). Results: Of the 1252 participants, 76.28% were willing to receive the SIV vaccination during their current pregnancy. High levels of perceived susceptibility of influenza (AOR = 1.75 (95%CI: 1.36–2.08)), high levels of perceived severity of influenza (AOR = 1.62 (95%CI: 1.25–1.95)), high level of perceived benefits of vaccination (AOR = 1.97 (95%CI: 1.76–2.21)), and high levels of cues to action were positively associated with the acceptance of SIV vaccination among pregnant women (AOR = 2.03 (95%CI: 1.70–2.69)), while high level of perceived barriers of vaccination was a negative determinant (AOR = 0.76 (95%CI: 0.62–0.94)). Conclusions: Poor knowledge and negative attitude towards SIV were associated with the poor acceptance of SIV. Health providers’ recommendations were important to pregnant women’s acceptance of SIV. Health education and direct communication strategies on SIV vaccination and influenza infection are necessary to improve the acceptance of SIV vaccination among pregnant women. View Full-Text
Keywords: seasonal influenza vaccine; acceptance; pregnant women; health belief model seasonal influenza vaccine; acceptance; pregnant women; health belief model
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Hu, Y.; Wang, Y.; Liang, H.; Chen, Y. Seasonal Influenza Vaccine Acceptance among Pregnant Women in Zhejiang Province, China: Evidence Based on Health Belief Model. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1551.

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