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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(12), 1521; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14121521

Building-Based Analysis of the Spatial Provision of Urban Parks in Shenzhen, China

1
School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Shenzhen University, Nanhai Ave 3688, Shenzhen 518060, China
2
Shenzhen Key Laboratory for Optimizing Design of Built Environment, Shenzhen University, Nanhai Ave 3688, Shenzhen 518060, China
3
Urban Planning, Land and Resources Commission of Shenzhen Municipality, Shenzhen 518034, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 September 2017 / Revised: 24 November 2017 / Accepted: 27 November 2017 / Published: 6 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
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Abstract

Urban parks provide important environmental, social, and economic benefits to people and urban areas. The literature demonstrates that proximity to urban parks is one of the key factors influencing people’s willingness to use them. Therefore, the provision of urban parks near residential areas and workplaces is one of the key factors influencing quality of life. This study designed a solution based on the spatial association between urban parks and buildings where people live or work to identify whether people in different buildings have nearby urban parks available for their daily lives. A building density map based on building floor area (BFA) was used to illustrate the spatial distribution of urban parks and five indices were designed to measure the scales, service coverage and potential service loads of urban parks and reveal areas lacking urban park services in an acceptable walking distance. With such solution, we investigated the provision of urban parks in ten districts of Shenzhen in China, which has grown from several small villages to a megacity in only 30 years. The results indicate that the spatial provision of urban parks in Shenzhen is not sufficient since people in about 65% of the buildings cannot access urban parks by walking 10-min. The distribution and service coverage of the existing urban parks is not balanced at the district level. In some districts, the existing urban parks have good numbers of potential users and even have large service loads, while in some districts, the building densities surrounding the existing parks are quite low and at the same time there is no urban parks nearby some high-density areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban park; spatial provision; service area; service load; building floor area; building density map urban park; spatial provision; service area; service load; building floor area; building density map
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Gao, W.; Lyu, Q.; Fan, X.; Yang, X.; Liu, J.; Zhang, X. Building-Based Analysis of the Spatial Provision of Urban Parks in Shenzhen, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1521.

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