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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(12), 1497; doi:10.3390/ijerph14121497

The Cost-Effectiveness of Lowering Permissible Noise Levels Around U.S. Airports

Global Research Analytics for Population Health, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY 10032, USA
Queens Quiet Skies, Bayside, NY 11360, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 October 2017 / Revised: 26 November 2017 / Accepted: 26 November 2017 / Published: 2 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economic Evaluation of Environmental Policies and Interventions)
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Aircraft noise increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases and mental illness. The allowable limit for sound in the vicinity of an airport is 65 decibels (dB) averaged over a 24-h ‘day and night’ period (DNL) in the United States. We evaluate the trade-off between the cost and the health benefits of changing the regulatory DNL level from 65 dB to 55 dB using a Markov model. The study used LaGuardia Airport (LGA) as a case study. In compliance with 55 dB allowable limit of aircraft noise, sound insulation would be required for residential homes within the 55 dB to 65 dB DNL. A Markov model was built to assess the cost-effectiveness of installing sound insulation. One-way sensitivity analyses and Monte Carlo simulation were conducted to test uncertainty of the model. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of installing sound insulation for residents exposed to airplane noise from LGA was $11,163/QALY gained (95% credible interval: cost-saving and life-saving to $93,054/QALY gained). Changing the regulatory standard for noise exposure around airports from 65 dB to 55 dB comes at a very good value. View Full-Text
Keywords: cost-effectiveness; aircraft noise; regulatory change; sound insulation cost-effectiveness; aircraft noise; regulatory change; sound insulation

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Jiao, B.; Zafari, Z.; Will, B.; Ruggeri, K.; Li, S.; Muennig, P. The Cost-Effectiveness of Lowering Permissible Noise Levels Around U.S. Airports. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1497.

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