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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(12), 1474; doi:10.3390/ijerph14121474

Effect of CaO on NOx Reduction by Selective Non-Catalytic Reduction under Variable Gas Compositions in a Simulated Cement Precalciner Atmosphere

School of Space and Environment, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
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Received: 16 October 2017 / Revised: 20 November 2017 / Accepted: 25 November 2017 / Published: 29 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Engineering and Public Health)
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Abstract

High-concentration CaO particles and gas compositions have a significant influence on NOx reduction by selective non-catalytic reduction (SNCR) in cement precalciners. The effect of gas composition on NOx reduction by SNCR with NH3 was studied in a cement precalciner atmosphere with and without CaO at 700–1100 °C. It was found that CaO significantly lowers NOx reduction efficiency between 750 °C and 1000 °C, which is attributed to the catalytic oxidation of NH3 to NO. Although increasing NH3 concentration was advantageous to NOx reduction, the existence of CaO led to the opposite result at 750–900 °C. Adding H2O can suppress the negative effect of CaO on NOx reduction. Decreasing O2 content from 10% to 1% shifts the temperature range in which CaO has a significant effect from 750–1000 °C to 800–1050 °C. CO has a variety of influences on the CaO effect under different experimental conditions. The influences of NH3, H2O, O2, and CO on the effect of CaO can be attributed to the impacts of the gas compositions on gas-phase NH3 conversion, gas-solid catalytic NH3 oxidation, or both processes. A proposed pathway for the effect of gas compositions on NOx reduction in CaO-containing SNCR process was developed that well predicted the CaO-containing SNCR process. View Full-Text
Keywords: CaO; NOx reduction; SNCR; cement precalciner atmosphere CaO; NOx reduction; SNCR; cement precalciner atmosphere
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Sun, Y.; Fan, W.; Zhu, T.; Hong, X. Effect of CaO on NOx Reduction by Selective Non-Catalytic Reduction under Variable Gas Compositions in a Simulated Cement Precalciner Atmosphere. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1474.

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