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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(12), 1463; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14121463

An Overview of GIS-Based Modeling and Assessment of Mining-Induced Hazards: Soil, Water, and Forest

1
Energy Resources Institute, Pukyong National University, Busan 48513, Korea
2
Research Institute of Energy Resources, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
3
Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, Daejeon 34132, Korea
4
Department of Energy Resources Engineering, Pukyong National University, Busan 48513, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 October 2017 / Revised: 16 November 2017 / Accepted: 25 November 2017 / Published: 27 November 2017
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Abstract

In this study, current geographic information system (GIS)-based methods and their application for the modeling and assessment of mining-induced hazards were reviewed. Various types of mining-induced hazard, including soil contamination, soil erosion, water pollution, and deforestation were considered in the discussion of the strength and role of GIS as a viable problem-solving tool in relation to mining-induced hazards. The various types of mining-induced hazard were classified into two or three subtopics according to the steps involved in the reclamation procedure, or elements of the hazard of interest. Because GIS is appropriated for the handling of geospatial data in relation to mining-induced hazards, the application and feasibility of exploiting GIS-based modeling and assessment of mining-induced hazards within the mining industry could be expanded further. View Full-Text
Keywords: mine hazards; geographic information systems (GIS); soil contamination; water pollution; deforestation; abandoned mine mine hazards; geographic information systems (GIS); soil contamination; water pollution; deforestation; abandoned mine
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Suh, J.; Kim, S.-M.; Yi, H.; Choi, Y. An Overview of GIS-Based Modeling and Assessment of Mining-Induced Hazards: Soil, Water, and Forest. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1463.

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