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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(11), 1379; doi:10.3390/ijerph14111379

Asbestos Ban in Italy: A Major Milestone, Not the Final Cut

1
Department of Environment and Health, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, 00161 Rome, Italy
2
Institute for Study and Prevention of Cancer, 50139 Florence, Italy
3
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Epidemiology and Hygiene, Italian Workers Compensation Authority (INAIL), 00143 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ken Takahashi, Jukka Takala and Annette M. David
Received: 19 September 2017 / Revised: 3 November 2017 / Accepted: 6 November 2017 / Published: 13 November 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [358 KB, uploaded 13 November 2017]

Abstract

Background and history: Italy was the main asbestos producer and one of the greatest consumers in 20th century Europe until the asbestos ban was introduced in 1992. Asbestos exposure affected the population in a wide range of working environments, namely mining and marketing of asbestos, asbestos cement production, shipyards and textile industries. This also determined a widespread environmental asbestos exposure affecting the surrounding communities. Methods: To investigate the drivers and difficulties of the process leading to the asbestos ban and its subsequent implementation, we focused on stakeholder involvement, environmental health policies, capacity building and communication. Results: In the past three decades, stakeholder involvement has been instrumental in advancing the industrial asbestos replacement process, prevention and remediation interventions. Furthermore, involvement also contributed to the integration of environmental and health policies at national, regional and local levels, including capacity building and communication. In a global public health perspective, international scientific cooperation has been established with countries using and producing asbestos. Discussion and Conclusions: Key factors and lessons learnt in Italy from both successful and ineffective asbestos policies are described to support the relevant stakeholders in countries still using asbestos contributing to the termination of its use. View Full-Text
Keywords: asbestos; Italy; mesothelioma; asbestos-related disease; environmental cleanup; health surveillance; epidemiological monitoring; international scientific cooperation asbestos; Italy; mesothelioma; asbestos-related disease; environmental cleanup; health surveillance; epidemiological monitoring; international scientific cooperation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Marsili, D.; Angelini, A.; Bruno, C.; Corfiati, M.; Marinaccio, A.; Silvestri, S.; Zona, A.; Comba, P. Asbestos Ban in Italy: A Major Milestone, Not the Final Cut. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1379.

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