Next Article in Journal
Association between Obesity and Puberty Timing: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Next Article in Special Issue
Electronic Cigarette Use in Students and Its Relation with Tobacco-Smoking: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the i-Share Study
Previous Article in Journal
Effectiveness of a Video-Versus Text-Based Computer-Tailored Intervention for Obesity Prevention after One Year: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Previous Article in Special Issue
Symptoms during Adolescents’ First Use of Cigarettes and E-Cigarettes: A Pilot Study
Article Menu
Issue 10 (October) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessBrief Report
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(10), 1274; doi:10.3390/ijerph14101274

Generally Recognized as Safe: Uncertainty Surrounding E-Cigarette Flavoring Safety

1
Department of Communication, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
2
American Heart Association Tobacco Regulation & Addiction Center, Dallas, TX 75231, USA
3
American Heart Association, Dallas, TX 75231, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 September 2017 / Revised: 17 October 2017 / Accepted: 21 October 2017 / Published: 23 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electronic Cigarette Use and Public Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [243 KB, uploaded 23 October 2017]

Abstract

Despite scientific uncertainty regarding the relative safety of inhaling e-cigarette aerosol and flavorings, some consumers regard the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s “generally recognized as safe” (GRAS) designation as evidence of flavoring safety. In this study, we assessed how college students’ perceptions of e-cigarette flavoring safety are related to understanding of the GRAS designation. During spring 2017, an online questionnaire was administered to college students. Chi-square p-values and multivariable logistic regression were employed to compare perceptions among participants considering e-cigarette flavorings as safe and those considering e-cigarette flavorings to be unsafe. The total sample size was 567 participants. Only 22% knew that GRAS designation meant that a product is safe to ingest, not inhale, inject, or use topically. Of participants who considered flavorings to be GRAS, the majority recognized that the designation meant a product is safe to ingest but also considered it safe to inhale. Although scientific uncertainty on the overall safety of flavorings in e-cigarettes remains, health messaging can educate the public about the GRAS designation and its irrelevance to e-cigarette safety. View Full-Text
Keywords: electronic cigarette; e-cigarette; e-cig; GRAS; vape electronic cigarette; e-cigarette; e-cig; GRAS; vape
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Sears, C.G.; Hart, J.L.; Walker, K.L.; Robertson, R.M. Generally Recognized as Safe: Uncertainty Surrounding E-Cigarette Flavoring Safety. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1274.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top