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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(10), 1126; doi:10.3390/ijerph14101126

Prevalence and Correlates of Physical Inactivity during Leisure-Time and Commuting among Beneficiaries of Government Welfare Assistance in Poland

1
Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Medical University of Lodz, 90-647 Lodz, Poland
2
Department of Work Physiology and Ergonomics, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, 91-348 Lodz, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 August 2017 / Revised: 18 September 2017 / Accepted: 19 September 2017 / Published: 26 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
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Abstract

Physical activity (PA) has well-documented health benefits helping to prevent development of non-communicable diseases. The aim of the study was to examine the prevalence and factors associated with physical inactivity during leisure-time (LTPA) and commuting (CPA) among adult social assistance beneficiaries in Piotrkowski district. The studied sample consisted of 1817 respondents. Over 73% of the study population did not meet the recommended levels of LTPA. Fifty two % of the respondents had none leisure-time physical activity and 21.5% exercised occasionally. Main reasons for not taking up LTPA included: high general physical activity (36.4%), lack of time (28.1%), no willingness to exercise (25.4%). Close to 82% of the surveyed population did not practice commuting physical activity (CPA). The men had higher risk for inactivity during LTPA compared to the women (OR = 1.35; 95% CI: 1.11–1.65; p ≤ 0.05). Higher odds of CPA inactivity were associated with unemployment, moderate and heavy drinking and having a number of health problems. The prevalence of physical inactivity among the social assistance recipients is much higher than it is in the general population. Promotion of an active lifestyle should take into consideration substantial differences between the general population and disadvantaged individuals and their various needs. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; commuting; social; walking; bicycling; leisure; correlates; disadvantaged groups; low socio-economic status population physical activity; commuting; social; walking; bicycling; leisure; correlates; disadvantaged groups; low socio-economic status population
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kaleta, D.; Kalucka, S.; Szatko, F.; Makowiec-Dąbrowska, T. Prevalence and Correlates of Physical Inactivity during Leisure-Time and Commuting among Beneficiaries of Government Welfare Assistance in Poland. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1126.

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