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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(1), 26; doi:10.3390/ijerph14010026

Do Not “Let Them Eat Cake”: Correlation of Food-Consumption Patterns among Rural Primary School Children from Welfare and Non-Welfare Households

Department of Rural Health, The University of Melbourne, Shepparton 3630, Australia
Goulburn Valley Primary Care Partnership, Shepparton 3630, Australia
Office of the Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research and Innovation), Federation University Australia, Ballarat 3353, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 7 December 2016 / Revised: 23 December 2016 / Accepted: 26 December 2016 / Published: 28 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [293 KB, uploaded 28 December 2016]


Physical and financial access impacts food choice and consumption, while educational attainment, employment, income, gender, and socioeconomic status are also influential. Within this context, the aim of the paper is to examine the association between various foods consumed and eating patterns of children between low and higher income households. A paper-based survey was completed by parents/carers of children in 41 primary schools in rural and regional areas of Victoria. Data collected included demographics and the consumption of fruit, vegetable, and other foods including drinks. Ordinal data were analysed using Spearman’s rank-order correlation. The main findings were that children who consumed more fruit and vegetables tended to have a higher intake of healthy drinks (plain milk and water) as well as a lower intake of unhealthy snacks and drinks (sugar sweetened drinks). Those who perceived that fruit and vegetables cost too much reported greater consumption of unhealthy snacks and sugar-sweetened beverages, which was more prominent in low-income households. Changing food consumption behaviours requires a complex systems-based approach that addresses more than just individual issues variables. A participatory approach that works with local communities and seeks to build an understanding of unique challenges within sub-groups has potential for embedding long-lasting and meaningful change in eating behaviours. View Full-Text
Keywords: food; drinking; healthy eating; eating behaviour; socioeconomic factors food; drinking; healthy eating; eating behaviour; socioeconomic factors
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Terry, D.; Ervin, K.; Soutter, E.; Spiller, R.; Dalle Nogare, N.; Hamilton, A.J. Do Not “Let Them Eat Cake”: Correlation of Food-Consumption Patterns among Rural Primary School Children from Welfare and Non-Welfare Households. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 26.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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