Next Article in Journal
Developmental Neurotoxicity of Methamidophos in the Embryo-Larval Stages of Zebrafish
Previous Article in Journal
Antimicrobial Resistant Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli and Salmonella spp. in Houseflies Infesting Fish in Food Markets in Zambia
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(1), 22; doi:10.3390/ijerph14010022

Environmental Determinants of Bronchial Asthma among Saudi School Children in Southwestern Saudi Arabia

1
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Najran University, Najran 1988, Saudi Arabia
2
Department of Clinical Microbiology, College of Medicine, Najran University, Najran 1988, Saudi Arabia
3
Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha 61421, Saudi Arabia
4
Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, Egypt
5
Department of Epidemiology, High Institute of Public Health, Alexandria University, Alexandria 21511, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Anthony R. Mawson
Received: 11 November 2016 / Revised: 21 December 2016 / Accepted: 23 December 2016 / Published: 28 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [281 KB, uploaded 28 December 2016]

Abstract

The aim here was to study the possible environmental and dietary determinants of asthma among school-aged children in Southwestern Saudi Arabia. In a cross-sectional study on a representative sample in Najran in Southwestern Saudi Arabia using an Arabic version of the modified ISAAC Phase III, parent-administered questionnaire data were collected. Skin prick tests (SPTs) were performed. The study included 1700 school children, out of them 468 (27.5%) were diagnosed with, cases of bronchial asthma and 20.8% (353) reported a 12-month nocturnal cough (as a proxy of severe asthma). In multivariable analysis, the study identified the following risk factors for having asthma or severe asthma: having dogs in the house, being male, being exposed to dense truck traffic on the street, using wood as a cooking fuel, conducting vigorous exercise, consuming eggs, consuming vegetables, having an allergic sensitization to dog hair, and being exposed to Cladosporium, pigweed, and Bermuda grass. On the other hand, the following food stuffs were found to be protective: seafood, fruit, and dairy products. Comprehensive school educational programs for both children and their parents should be adopted to prevent the use of wood in cooking and heating, to ensure that house pets are properly cared for, and to encourage proper dietary habits. Physicians should be informed of the patterns of allergens in order to improve asthma diagnosis and management. View Full-Text
Keywords: school children asthma; environmental; dietary factors; Southwestern Saudi Arabia school children asthma; environmental; dietary factors; Southwestern Saudi Arabia
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Alqahtani, J.M.; Asaad, A.M.; Awadalla, N.J.; Mahfouz, A.A. Environmental Determinants of Bronchial Asthma among Saudi School Children in Southwestern Saudi Arabia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 22.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top