Using Fenton Oxidation to Simultaneously Remove Different Estrogens from Cow Manure
AbstractThe presence of estrogens in livestock excrement has raised concerns about their potential negative influence on animals and the overall food cycle. This is the first investigation to simultaneously remove estrogens, including estriol (E3), bisphenol A (BPA), diethylstilbestrol (DES), estradiol (E2), and ethinyl estradiol (EE2), from cow manure using a Fenton oxidation technique. Based on the residual concentrations and removal efficiency of estrogens, the Fenton oxidation reaction conditions were optimized as follows: a H2O2 dosage of 2.56 mmol/g, a Fe(II) to H2O2 molar ratio of 0.125 M/M, a solid to water mass ratio of 2 g/mL, an initial pH of 3, and a reaction time of 24 h. Under these conditions, the simultaneous removal efficiencies of E3, BPA, DES, E2, and EE2, with initial concentrations in cow manure of 97.40, 96.54, 100.22, 95.01, and 72.49 mg/kg, were 84.9%, 99.5%, 99.1%, 97.8%, and 84.5%, respectively. We clarified the possible Fenton oxidation reaction mechanisms that governed the degradation of estrogens. We concluded that Fenton oxidation technique could be effective for efficient removal of estrogens in livestock excrement. Results are of great importance for cow manure reuse in agricultural management, and can be used to reduce the threat of environmental estrogens to human health and ecological safety. View Full-Text
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Sun, M.; Xu, D.; Ji, Y.; Liu, J.; Ling, W.; Li, S.; Chen, M. Using Fenton Oxidation to Simultaneously Remove Different Estrogens from Cow Manure. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 917.
Sun M, Xu D, Ji Y, Liu J, Ling W, Li S, Chen M. Using Fenton Oxidation to Simultaneously Remove Different Estrogens from Cow Manure. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2016; 13(9):917.Chicago/Turabian Style
Sun, Minxia; Xu, Defu; Ji, Yuefei; Liu, Juan; Ling, Wanting; Li, Shunyao; Chen, Mindong. 2016. "Using Fenton Oxidation to Simultaneously Remove Different Estrogens from Cow Manure." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 13, no. 9: 917.
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