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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(9), 845; doi:10.3390/ijerph13090845

Public’s Health Risk Awareness on Urban Air Pollution in Chinese Megacities: The Cases of Shanghai, Wuhan and Nanchang

1
School of Public Health, Nanchang University, 461 Bayi Road, Donghu District, Nanchang 330006, China
2
School of Public Health, Fudan University, 138 Yixueyuan Road, Xuhui District, Shanghai 200032, China
3
Global Health Institute, Wuhan University, 115 Donghu Road, Donghu District, Wuhan 430071, China
4
Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Hawaii at Mānoa, 1960 East-West Road, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Kim Natasha Dirks
Received: 27 April 2016 / Revised: 2 August 2016 / Accepted: 22 August 2016 / Published: 25 August 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [657 KB, uploaded 25 August 2016]   |  

Abstract

This study assessed the public’s health risk awareness of urban air pollution triggered by three megacities in China, and the data are the responses from a sample size of 3868 megacity inhabitants from Shanghai, Nanchang and Wuhan. Descriptive analyses were used to summarize the respondents’ demographics, perceived health risks from air pollution and sources of health-related knowledge on urban air pollution. Chi-square tests were used to examine if participants’ demographics were associated with participant’s general attitudes towards current air quality and the three perceived highest health risks due to urban air pollution. We found low rate of satisfaction of current urban air quality as well as poor knowledge of air pollution related indicator. Participants’ gender, age and travel experience were found to be associated with the satisfaction of current air quality. The knowledge of air pollution related indicator was significantly affected by respondents’ education, monthly income, health status, and sites of study. As many as 46.23% of the participants expressed their feelings of anxiety when exposed to polluted air, especially females, older adults and those with poor health conditions. Most participants believed that coughs/colds, eye problems and skin allergies were the three highest health risks due to urban air pollution based on public education through television/radio, internet and newspaper/magazine. Further public health education is needed to improve public awareness of air pollution and its effects. View Full-Text
Keywords: health risk awareness; urban air pollution; public concern; Chinese megacities health risk awareness; urban air pollution; public concern; Chinese megacities
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, X.; Zhu, H.; Hu, Y.; Feng, S.; Chu, Y.; Wu, Y.; Wang, C.; Zhang, Y.; Yuan, Z.; Lu, Y. Public’s Health Risk Awareness on Urban Air Pollution in Chinese Megacities: The Cases of Shanghai, Wuhan and Nanchang. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 845.

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