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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(8), 812; doi:10.3390/ijerph13080812

Parental Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms as Predictors of Psychosocial Problems in Children Treated for Cancer

1
Departments of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8575, Japan
2
Departments of Social Psychiatry and Mental Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8575, Japan
3
Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Tsukuba Hospital, Amakubo 2-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8576, Japan
4
Department of Pediatrics, University of Tsukuba Hospital, Amakubo 2-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8576, Japan
5
Department of Pediatrics, Isehara Kyodo Hospital, 345 Tanaka, Isehara, Kanagawa 259-1187, Japan
6
Office of Information Management and Statistics, Radiation Medical Science Center for the Fukushima Health Management Survey, Faculty of Medicine, Fukushima Medical University, 1 Hikarigaoka, Fukushima 960-1295, Japan
7
Kubota Clinic, 3-2-4 Yokokawa, Sumida, Tokyo 130-0003, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 18 March 2016 / Revised: 25 July 2016 / Accepted: 4 August 2016 / Published: 11 August 2016
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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to explore the association between psychosocial functioning of children treated for cancer and that of their parents. Factors associated with psychosocial functioning were also examined. The present study was a cross-sectional survey of 33 mothers and one father (mean age: 37.9), each of whom had a child that had been treated for cancer. The participants answered a package of questionnaires consisting of the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R), the Parent Experience of Child Illness (PECI), and the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Information about the children’s illnesses was collected from medical records. The CBCL total problems T score was correlated with the parental IES-R total scores. Intensity of treatment independently predicted the variance of parental long-term uncertainty. In conclusion, psychosocial problems of children with cancer were associated with parental post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Provision of early, adequate support to parents who are vulnerable to PTSS will help not only the parents, but also their children with cancer. View Full-Text
Keywords: childhood cancer; child behavior; adolescent behavior; parent-child relations; communication; posttraumatic stress symptoms childhood cancer; child behavior; adolescent behavior; parent-child relations; communication; posttraumatic stress symptoms
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Nakajima-Yamaguchi, R.; Morita, N.; Nakao, T.; Shimizu, T.; Ogai, Y.; Takahashi, H.; Saito, T.; Nakatani, Y.; Fukushima, T. Parental Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms as Predictors of Psychosocial Problems in Children Treated for Cancer. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 812.

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