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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(8), 809; doi:10.3390/ijerph13080809

Sleep Disturbance from Road Traffic, Railways, Airplanes and from Total Environmental Noise Levels in Montreal

1
Public Health Department of Montreal, Montreal, QC H2L 1M3, Canada
2
Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health, University of Montreal, Montreal, QC H3C 3J7, Canada
3
Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel 4002, Switzerland
4
University of Basel, Basel 4003, Switzerland
5
Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 1A2, Canada
6
National Institute of Public Health Quebec, Montreal, QC H3C 2B9, Canada
7
Public Health Research Institute, University of Montreal, QC H3C 3J7, Canada
8
Department of Environmental Health and Occupational Health, School of Public Health, University of Montreal, Montreal, QC H3C 3J7, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Peter Lercher, Ronny Klaeboe and Mariola Sliwinska-Kowalska
Received: 18 February 2016 / Revised: 2 August 2016 / Accepted: 4 August 2016 / Published: 11 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Combined Health Effects of Environmental Exposures)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2008 KB, uploaded 11 August 2016]   |  

Abstract

The objective of our study was to measure the impact of transportation-related noise and total environmental noise on sleep disturbance for the residents of Montreal, Canada. A telephone-based survey on noise-related sleep disturbance among 4336 persons aged 18 years and over was conducted. LNight for each study participant was estimated using a land use regression (LUR) model. Distance of the respondent’s residence to the nearest transportation noise source was also used as an indicator of noise exposure. The proportion of the population whose sleep was disturbed by outdoor environmental noise in the past 4 weeks was 12.4%. The proportion of those affected by road traffic, airplane and railway noise was 4.2%, 1.5% and 1.1%, respectively. We observed an increased prevalence in sleep disturbance for those exposed to both rail and road noise when compared for those exposed to road only. We did not observe an increased prevalence in sleep disturbance for those that were both exposed to road and planes when compared to those exposed to road or planes only. We developed regression models to assess the marginal proportion of sleep disturbance as a function of estimated LNight and distance to transportation noise sources. In our models, sleep disturbance increased with proximity to transportation noise sources (railway, airplane and road traffic) and with increasing LNight values. Our study provides a quantitative estimate of the association between total environmental noise levels estimated using an LUR model and sleep disturbance from transportation noise. View Full-Text
Keywords: transportation noise; sleep disturbance; land use regression transportation noise; sleep disturbance; land use regression
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Perron, S.; Plante, C.; Ragettli, M.S.; Kaiser, D.J.; Goudreau, S.; Smargiassi, A. Sleep Disturbance from Road Traffic, Railways, Airplanes and from Total Environmental Noise Levels in Montreal. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 809.

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