Prevalence of Pre-Diabetes and Its Associated Risk Factors in Rural Areas of Ningbo, China
AbstractObjective: The aims of the study were to investigate the prevalence of pre-diabetes and explore its associated risk factors in rural areas of Ningbo, China. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 4583 adult residents in rural areas of Ningbo, China between March and May 2013. The survey used a multi-stage, stratified, cluster sampling method. Data collected included demographics and medical history, anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, blood lipid, and plasma glucose. After at least 10 h of overnight fasting, participants underwent an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) to identify pre-diabetes. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate the associated risk factors for pre-diabetes, and to estimate the effect of interaction between the factors. Results: There were 1307 survey participants having pre-diabetes (28.52%) and the age-standardized prevalence was 30.53%. Multivariate logistic regression results showed that overweight/obesity, hypertension, and higher triglycerides were the risk factors for developing pre-diabetes. There were positive interactions between overweight/obesity and triglycerides, and also between hypertension and triglycerides on the multiplicative scale, suggesting that they synergistically influenced the development of pre-diabetes. Conclusions: The rural areas in Ningbo had a high prevalence of pre-diabetes. Overweight and obesity, hypertension, and elevated triglycerides were the major risk factors. There is a need of early intervention for preventing pre-diabetes. View Full-Text
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Zhao, M.; Lin, H.; Yuan, Y.; Wang, F.; Xi, Y.; Wen, L.M.; Shen, P.; Bu, S. Prevalence of Pre-Diabetes and Its Associated Risk Factors in Rural Areas of Ningbo, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 808.
Zhao M, Lin H, Yuan Y, Wang F, Xi Y, Wen LM, Shen P, Bu S. Prevalence of Pre-Diabetes and Its Associated Risk Factors in Rural Areas of Ningbo, China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2016; 13(8):808.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhao, Ming; Lin, Hongbo; Yuan, Yanyan; Wang, Fuyan; Xi, Yang; Wen, Li M.; Shen, Peng; Bu, Shizhong. 2016. "Prevalence of Pre-Diabetes and Its Associated Risk Factors in Rural Areas of Ningbo, China." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 13, no. 8: 808.
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