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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(8), 750; doi:10.3390/ijerph13080750

Incorporating Environmental Justice into Second Generation Indices of Multiple Deprivation: Lessons from the UK and Progress Internationally

1
Business School, Staffordshire University, Staffordshire ST4 2DE, UK
2
Institute of Health Economics and Health Care Management, Helmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH), Neuherberg 85764, Germany
3
European Centre for Environment and Health, World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Europe, Bonn 53113, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jayajit Chakraborty, Sara E. Grineski and Timothy W. Collins
Received: 28 April 2016 / Revised: 3 June 2016 / Accepted: 8 June 2016 / Published: 26 July 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [284 KB, uploaded 26 July 2016]

Abstract

Second generation area-based indices of multiple deprivation have been extensively used in the UK over the last 15 years. They resulted from significant developments in political, technical, and conceptual spheres for deprivation data. We review the parallel development of environmental justice research and how and when environmental data was incorporated into these indices. We explain the transfer of these methods from the UK to Germany and assess the progress internationally in developing such indices. Finally, we illustrate how billions of pounds in the UK was allocated by using these tools to tackle neighbourhood deprivation and environmental justice to address the determinants of health. View Full-Text
Keywords: indices of multiple deprivation; environmental justice; geographic information systems; policy indices of multiple deprivation; environmental justice; geographic information systems; policy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Fairburn, J.; Maier, W.; Braubach, M. Incorporating Environmental Justice into Second Generation Indices of Multiple Deprivation: Lessons from the UK and Progress Internationally. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 750.

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