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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(7), 734; doi:10.3390/ijerph13070734

Infection Rates by Dengue Virus in Mosquitoes and the Influence of Temperature May Be Related to Different Endemicity Patterns in Three Colombian Cities

1
Grupo de Biología y Control de Enfermedades Infecciosas, Universidad de Antioquia, Sede de Investigaciones Universitarias (SIU), Calle 62 # 52–59 Laboratory 620, P.O. Box: 1226, Medellín 050010, Colombia
2
Grupo de Inmunovirología, Universidad de Antioquia, Sede de Investigaciones Universitarias, SIU, Calle 62 # 52–59 Laboratory 532, P.O. Box: 1226, Medellín 050010, Colombia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul J. Linser
Received: 12 May 2016 / Revised: 13 June 2016 / Accepted: 15 June 2016 / Published: 21 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mosquito Control Innovations into The 21st Century)
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Abstract

Colombia is an endemic country for dengue fever where the four serotypes of virus dengue (DENV1–4) circulate simultaneously, and all types are responsible for dengue cases in the country. The control strategies are guided by entomological surveillance. However, heterogeneity in aedic indices is not well correlated with the incidence of the disease in cities such as Riohacha, Bello and Villavicencio. As an alternative, molecular detection of dengue virus in mosquitoes has been proposed as a useful tool for epidemiological surveillance and identification of serotypes circulating in field. We conducted a spatiotemporal fieldwork in these cities to capture adult mosquitoes to assess vector infection and explain the differences between Breteau indices and disease incidence. DENV infection in females and DENV serotype identification were evaluated and infection rates (IR) were estimated. The relationship between density, dengue cases and vector index was also estimated with logistic regression modeling and Pearson’s correlation coefficient. The lack of association between aedic indices and dengue incidence is in agreement with the weak associations between the density of the mosquitoes and their infection with DENV in the three cities. However, association was evident between the IR and dengue cases in Villavicencio. Furthermore, we found important negative associations between temperature and lag time from two to six weeks in Riohacha. We conclude that density of mosquitoes is not a good predictor of dengue cases. Instead, IR and temperature might explain better such heterogeneity. View Full-Text
Keywords: Aedes aegypti; dengue virus; infection rates; Breteau index; Colombia; climatic variables Aedes aegypti; dengue virus; infection rates; Breteau index; Colombia; climatic variables
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MDPI and ACS Style

Peña-García, V.H.; Triana-Chávez, O.; Mejía-Jaramillo, A.M.; Díaz, F.J.; Gómez-Palacio, A.; Arboleda-Sánchez, S. Infection Rates by Dengue Virus in Mosquitoes and the Influence of Temperature May Be Related to Different Endemicity Patterns in Three Colombian Cities. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 734.

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