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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(7), 721; doi:10.3390/ijerph13070721

Effect of Yoga Exercise on Premenstrual Symptoms among Female Employees in Taiwan

Department of Health Management, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan No.8, Yida Rd., Yanchao Township, Kaohsiung Country 824, Taiwan
Academic Editor: Anthony R. Mawson
Received: 1 May 2016 / Revised: 9 July 2016 / Accepted: 13 July 2016 / Published: 16 July 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [281 KB, uploaded 16 July 2016]

Abstract

Yoga classes designed for women with premenstrual syndrome are available, but their efficacy is unclear. We investigated the effects of 12 weeks’ yoga exercise (yoga intervention) on premenstrual symptoms in menstruating females in Taiwan. Sixty-four subjects completed the yoga intervention, and before and after the intervention filled out a structured self-report questionnaire about their demographics, personal lifestyle, menstrual status, baseline menstrual pain scores, premenstrual symptoms, and health-related quality of life. Of 64 subjects, 90.6% reported experiencing menstrual pain during menstruation. After the yoga intervention, subjects reported decreased use of analgesics during menstruation (p = 0.0290) and decreased moderate or severe effects of menstrual pain on work (p = 0.0011). The yoga exercise intervention was associated with the improvement of the scale of physical function (p = 0.0340) and bodily pain (p = 0.0087) of the SF-36, and significantly decreased abdominal swelling (p = 0.0011), breast tenderness (p = 0.0348), abdominal cramps (p = 0.0016), and cold sweats (p = 0.0143). Menstrual pain mitigation after yoga exercise correlated with improvement in six scales of the SF-36 (physical function, bodily pain, general health perception, vitality/energy, social function, mental health). Employers can educate female employees about the benefits of regular exercise such as yoga, which may decrease premenstrual distress and improve female employee health. View Full-Text
Keywords: female employee; premenstrual symptoms; yoga exercise, SF-36 female employee; premenstrual symptoms; yoga exercise, SF-36
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Tsai, S.-Y. Effect of Yoga Exercise on Premenstrual Symptoms among Female Employees in Taiwan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 721.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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