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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(6), 575; doi:10.3390/ijerph13060575

Effect of Nano-Al2O3 on the Toxicity and Oxidative Stress of Copper towards Scenedesmus obliquus

Environment Science and Engineering, School of Space and Environment, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Miklas Scholz
Received: 23 March 2016 / Revised: 25 May 2016 / Accepted: 26 May 2016 / Published: 9 June 2016
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Abstract

Nano-Al2O3 has been widely used in various industries; unfortunately, it can be released into the aquatic environment. Although nano-Al2O3 is believed to be of low toxicity, it can interact with other pollutants in water, such as heavy metals. However, the interactions between nano-Al2O3 and heavy metals as well as the effect of nano-Al2O3 on the toxicity of the metals have been rarely investigated. The current study investigated copper toxicity in the presence of nano-Al2O3 towards Scenedesmus obliquus. Superoxide dismutase activity and concentration of glutathione and malondialdehyde in cells were determined in order to quantify oxidative stress in this study. Results showed that the presence of nano-Al2O3 reduced the toxicity of Cu towards S. obliquus. The existence of nano-Al2O3 decreased the growth inhibition of S. obliquus. The accumulation of copper and the level of oxidative stress in algae were reduced in the presence of nano-Al2O3. Furthermore, lower copper accumulation was the main factor that mitigated copper toxicity with the addition of nano-Al2O3. The decreased copper uptake could be attributed to the adsorption of copper onto nanoparticles and the subsequent decrease of available copper in water. View Full-Text
Keywords: nano-Al2O3; copper; Scenedesmus obliquus; toxicity nano-Al2O3; copper; Scenedesmus obliquus; toxicity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, X.; Zhou, S.; Fan, W. Effect of Nano-Al2O3 on the Toxicity and Oxidative Stress of Copper towards Scenedesmus obliquus. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 575.

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