Increased Risk of Respiratory Mortality Associated with the High-Tech Manufacturing Industry: A 26-Year Study
AbstractGlobal high-tech manufacturers are mainly located in newly industrialized countries, raising concerns about adverse health consequences from industrial pollution for people living nearby. We investigated the ecological association between respiratory mortality and the development of Taiwan’s high-tech manufacturing, taking into account industrialization and socioeconomic development, for 19 cities and counties—6 in the science park group and 13 in the control group—from 1982 to 2007. We applied a linear mixed-effects model to analyze how science park development over time is associated with age-adjusted and sex-specific mortality rates for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Asthma and female COPD mortality rates decreased in both groups, but they decreased 9%–16% slower in the science park group. Male COPD mortality rates increased in both groups, but the rate increased 10% faster in the science park group. Science park development over time was a significant predictor of death from asthma (p ≤ 0.0001) and COPD (p = 0.0212). The long-term development of clustered high-tech manufacturing may negatively affect nearby populations, constraining health advantages that were anticipated, given overall progress in living standards, knowledge, and health services. National governments should incorporate the long-term health effects on local populations into environmental impact assessments. View Full-Text
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Lin, R.-T.; Christiani, D.C.; Kawachi, I.; Chan, T.-C.; Chiang, P.-H.; Chan, C.-C. Increased Risk of Respiratory Mortality Associated with the High-Tech Manufacturing Industry: A 26-Year Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 557.
Lin R-T, Christiani DC, Kawachi I, Chan T-C, Chiang P-H, Chan C-C. Increased Risk of Respiratory Mortality Associated with the High-Tech Manufacturing Industry: A 26-Year Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2016; 13(6):557.Chicago/Turabian Style
Lin, Ro-Ting; Christiani, David C.; Kawachi, Ichiro; Chan, Ta-Chien; Chiang, Po-Huang; Chan, Chang-Chuan. 2016. "Increased Risk of Respiratory Mortality Associated with the High-Tech Manufacturing Industry: A 26-Year Study." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 13, no. 6: 557.