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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(4), 395; doi:10.3390/ijerph13040395

Structural Factors Affecting Health Examination Behavioral Intention

1
Taiwan Adventist Hospital, Taipei 401, Taiwan
2
Department of Marketing and Distribution, Tzu Chi University of Science and Technology, Hualien 970, Taiwan
3
Department of Business Administraiton, National Dong Hwa University, Hualien 974, Taiwan
4
Department of Health Administration, Tzu Chi University of Science and Technology, Hualien 974, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 31 December 2015 / Revised: 10 March 2016 / Accepted: 28 March 2016 / Published: 1 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Behavior and Public Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [870 KB, uploaded 1 April 2016]   |  

Abstract

Disease screening instruments used for secondary prevention can facilitate early determination and treatment of pathogenic factors, effectively reducing disease incidence, mortality rates, and health complications. Therefore, people should be encouraged to receive health examinations for discovering potential pathogenic factors before symptoms occur. Here, we used the health belief model as a foundation and integrated social psychological factors and investigated the factors influencing health examination behavioral intention among the public in Taiwan. In total, 388 effective questionnaires were analyzed through structural model analysis. Consequently, this study yielded four crucial findings: (1) The established extended health belief model could effectively predict health examination behavioral intention; (2) Self-efficacy was the factor that most strongly influenced health examination behavioral intention, followed by health knowledge; (3) Self-efficacy substantially influenced perceived benefits and perceived barriers; (4) Health knowledge and social support indirectly influenced health examination behavioral intention. The preceding results can effectively increase the acceptance and use of health examination services among the public, thereby facilitating early diagnosis and treatment and ultimately reducing disease and mortality rates. View Full-Text
Keywords: health examination; health belief model; self-efficacy; social support; health knowledge health examination; health belief model; self-efficacy; social support; health knowledge
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MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, H.-T.; Kuo, Y.-M.; Wang, S.-R.; Wang, C.-F.; Tsai, C.-H. Structural Factors Affecting Health Examination Behavioral Intention. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 395.

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