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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(4), 354; doi:10.3390/ijerph13040354

Exploring an Ecologically Sustainable Scheme for Landscape Restoration of Abandoned Mine Land: Scenario-Based Simulation Integrated Linear Programming and CLUE-S Model

1
College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
2
College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232001, China
3
College of Science, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yu-Pin Lin
Received: 12 February 2016 / Revised: 9 March 2016 / Accepted: 15 March 2016 / Published: 24 March 2016
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Abstract

Understanding abandoned mine land (AML) changes during land reclamation is crucial for reusing damaged land resources and formulating sound ecological restoration policies. This study combines the linear programming (LP) model and the CLUE-S model to simulate land-use dynamics in the Mentougou District (Beijing, China) from 2007 to 2020 under three reclamation scenarios, that is, the planning scenario based on the general land-use plan in study area (scenario 1), maximal comprehensive benefits (scenario 2), and maximal ecosystem service value (scenario 3). Nine landscape-scale graph metrics were then selected to describe the landscape characteristics. The results show that the coupled model presented can simulate the dynamics of AML effectively and the spatially explicit transformations of AML were different. New cultivated land dominates in scenario 1, while construction land and forest land account for major percentages in scenarios 2 and 3, respectively. Scenario 3 has an advantage in most of the selected indices as the patches combined most closely. To conclude, reclaiming AML by transformation into more forest can reduce the variability and maintain the stability of the landscape ecological system in study area. These findings contribute to better mapping AML dynamics and providing policy support for the management of AML. View Full-Text
Keywords: land conservation; abandoned mine land transformation; scenario simulation; linear programming model; CLUE-S model; ecological restoration land conservation; abandoned mine land transformation; scenario simulation; linear programming model; CLUE-S model; ecological restoration
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Zhang, L.; Zhang, S.; Huang, Y.; Cao, M.; Huang, Y.; Zhang, H. Exploring an Ecologically Sustainable Scheme for Landscape Restoration of Abandoned Mine Land: Scenario-Based Simulation Integrated Linear Programming and CLUE-S Model. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 354.

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