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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(2), 230; doi:10.3390/ijerph13020230

The Emergence and Challenging Growth of the Bio-Ethanol Innovation System in Taiwan (1949–2015)

Graduate Institute of Political Economy, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: William A. Toscano
Received: 31 October 2015 / Revised: 27 January 2016 / Accepted: 14 February 2016 / Published: 19 February 2016
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Abstract

This study explores the bio-ethanol innovation system in Taiwan from the perspective of a technology innovation system (TIS). Taiwan is a newly industrialized country and is not currently a main producer of bio-ethanol. This study analyzes the evolution of bio-ethanol innovation system in Taiwan and places a particular emphasis on challenges that present policies face in the context of potential long-term bio-ethanol development. Through an evaluation of the consistency of the present research, technology, development and innovation (RTDI) policies as well as the influence of these policies on the functional dynamics of bio-ethanol innovation system, mechanisms prohibiting the system from flourishing are determined. It is suggested that the production of bio-ethanol in Taiwan would be achieved if the government: (1) fixes long-term targets for both domestic bio-ethanol development and emission reduction; and (2) comprehensively designs a set of interrelated RTDI policies in accordance with the functional pattern of the bio-ethanol innovation system and consistently implements these policies. If such measures were implemented, it is considered that the bio-ethanol innovation system in Taiwan would flourish. View Full-Text
Keywords: Taiwan; bio-ethanol; innovation system; policy Taiwan; bio-ethanol; innovation system; policy
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Chung, C.-C.; Yang, S.-C. The Emergence and Challenging Growth of the Bio-Ethanol Innovation System in Taiwan (1949–2015). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 230.

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