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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(2), 189; doi:10.3390/ijerph13020189

Climate Justice in Rural Southeastern United States: A Review of Climate Change Impacts and Effects on Human Health

1
Department of Science Education, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
2
Department of Applied Ecology, Center for Human Health and the Environment, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 30 November 2015 / Revised: 16 January 2016 / Accepted: 27 January 2016 / Published: 3 February 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [711 KB, uploaded 5 February 2016]   |  

Abstract

Climate justice is a local, national, and global movement to protect at-risk populations who are disproportionately affected by climate change. The social context for this review is the Southeastern region of the United States, which is particularly susceptible to climate change because of the geography of the area and the vulnerabilities of the inhabiting populations. Negative human health effects on variable and vulnerable populations within the Southeast region due to changing climate are concerning, as health threats are not expected to produce parallel effects among all individuals. Vulnerable communities, such as communities of color, indigenous people, the geographically isolated, and those who are socioeconomically disadvantaged and already experiencing poor environmental quality, are least able to respond and adapt to climate change. Focusing on vulnerable populations in the Southeastern United States, this review is a synthesis of the recent (2010 to 2015) literature-base on the health effects connected to climate change. This review also addresses local and regional mitigation and adaptation strategies for citizens and leaders to combat direct and indirect human health effects related to a changing climate. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; climate justice; human health; rurality; vulnerable populations climate change; climate justice; human health; rurality; vulnerable populations
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gutierrez, K.S.; LePrevost, C.E. Climate Justice in Rural Southeastern United States: A Review of Climate Change Impacts and Effects on Human Health. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 189.

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