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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(12), 1211; doi:10.3390/ijerph13121211

Community Capitals as Community Resilience to Climate Change: Conceptual Connections

Division of Sociology, Nanyang Technological University, 14 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 637332, Singapore
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Academic Editors: Denise Blake, David M. Johnston and Carol MacDonald
Received: 19 September 2016 / Revised: 21 November 2016 / Accepted: 25 November 2016 / Published: 6 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Evolving Relationship between Science and Disaster Risk Reduction)
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Abstract

In the last few decades, disaster risk reduction programs and climate initiatives across the globe have focused largely on the intimate connections between vulnerability, recovery, adaptation, and coping mechanisms. Recent focus, however, is increasingly paid to community resilience. Community, placed at the intersection between the household and national levels of social organization, is crucial in addressing economic, social, or environmental disturbances disrupting human security. Resilience measures a community’s capability of bouncing back—restoring the original pre-disaster state, as well as bouncing forward—the capacity to cope with emerging post-disaster situations and changes. Both the ‘bouncing back’ and ‘moving forward’ properties of a community are shaped and reshaped by internal and external shocks such as climate threats, the community’s resilience dimensions, and the intensity of economic, social, and other community capitals. This article reviews (1) the concept of resilience in relation to climate change and vulnerability; and (2) emerging perspectives on community-level impacts of climate change, resilience dimensions, and community capitals. It argues that overall resilience of a place-based community is located at the intersection of the community’s resilience dimensions, community capitals, and the level of climate disruptions. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; community resilience; community capital; environment; vulnerability climate change; community resilience; community capital; environment; vulnerability
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Kais, S.M.; Islam, M.S. Community Capitals as Community Resilience to Climate Change: Conceptual Connections. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1211.

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