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Open AccessConcept Paper
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(12), 1241; doi:10.3390/ijerph13121241

Synergising Public Health Concepts with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction: A Conceptual Glossary

1
School of Public Health, Massey University, Palmerston North Campus, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand
2
Joint Centre for Disaster Research, Massey University, Wellington 6140, New Zealand
3
School of Public Health, Massey University, Wellington Campus, Wellington 6140, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jason K. Levy
Received: 31 August 2016 / Revised: 5 December 2016 / Accepted: 6 December 2016 / Published: 14 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Evolving Relationship between Science and Disaster Risk Reduction)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [331 KB, uploaded 14 December 2016]

Abstract

The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (2015) is a global strategy for addressing disaster risk and resilience that has been ratified by member countries of the United Nations. Its guiding principles emphasise building resilience through inter-sectoral collaboration, as well as partnerships that facilitate community empowerment and address underlying risk factors. Both public health and the emergency management sector face similar challenges related to developing and implementing strategies that involve structural change, facilitating community resilience and addressing individual risk factors. Familiarity with public health principles enables an understanding of the holistic approach to risk reduction that is outlined within the Sendai Framework. We present seven concepts that resonate with contemporary public health practice, namely: the social determinants of health; inequality and inequity; the inverse care law; community-based and community development approaches; hard to reach communities and services; the prevention paradox; and the inverse prevention law. These ideas from public health provide a useful conceptual base for the ”new” agenda in disaster risk management that underpins the 2015 Sendai Framework. The relevance of these ideas to disaster risk management and research is illustrated through drawing on the Sendai Framework, disaster literature and exemplars from the 2010–2011 earthquakes in Canterbury, New Zealand. View Full-Text
Keywords: public health; disaster; Sendai Framework; inequity; community development; inverse care law; prevention paradox public health; disaster; Sendai Framework; inequity; community development; inverse care law; prevention paradox
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Phibbs, S.; Kenney, C.; Severinsen, C.; Mitchell, J.; Hughes, R. Synergising Public Health Concepts with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction: A Conceptual Glossary. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1241.

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