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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(12), 1194; doi:10.3390/ijerph13121194

Immunogenetic Markers Definition in Latvian Patients with Lyme Borreliosis and Lyme Neuroborreliosis

1
Institute of Food Safety, Animal Health and Environment BIOR, Riga LV-1076, Latvia
2
Laboratory of Clinical Immunology and Immunogenetic, Riga Stradiņš University, Riga LV-1067, Latvia
3
Department of Family Medicine, Riga Stradiņš University, Riga LV-1067, Latvia
4
Centre for Disease Prevention and Control of Latvia, Riga LV-1005, Latvia
5
Department of Infectious Diseases, Medical University of Silesia, 40-055 Katowice, Poland
6
Department of Infectology and Dermatology, Riga Stradiņš University, Riga LV-1006, Latvia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: William Chi-shing Cho
Received: 3 October 2016 / Revised: 16 November 2016 / Accepted: 22 November 2016 / Published: 1 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [300 KB, uploaded 1 December 2016]

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DRB1 alleles in two groups of patients in Latvia: patients with Lyme borreliosis and patients with Lyme neuroborreliosis. The study included 216 patients with Lyme borreliosis, 29 patients with Lyme neuroborreliosis and 282 control persons. All surveyed persons were residents of Latvia. The HLA-DR genotyping was performed by polymerase chain reaction- sequence specific primer (PCR-SSP). The predisposition to the Lyme borreliosis is associated with the HLA-DRB1*07, -DRB1*17(03), -DRB1*04, -DRB1*15(02) alleles. The allele -DRB1*11(05), -DRB1*14(06) and -DRB1*13(06) were significantly more frequent in controls. In-group with Lyme neuroborreliosis differences were found for the -DRB1*07 and -DRB1*04 alleles, but only HLA-DRB1*07 allele was statistically significant after Bonferroni correction and associated with Lyme neuroborreliosis in Latvian patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: Borrelia burgdorferi; Lyme borreliosis; Lyme neuroborreliosis; immunogenetic markers; HLA-DRB1 Borrelia burgdorferi; Lyme borreliosis; Lyme neuroborreliosis; immunogenetic markers; HLA-DRB1
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kovalchuka, L.; Cvetkova, S.; Trofimova, J.; Eglite, J.; Gintere, S.; Lucenko, I.; Oczko-Grzesik, B.; Viksna, L.; Krumina, A. Immunogenetic Markers Definition in Latvian Patients with Lyme Borreliosis and Lyme Neuroborreliosis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1194.

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