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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(11), 1112; doi:10.3390/ijerph13111112

A Review of the Growth of the Fast Food Industry in China and Its Potential Impact on Obesity

1,†,* , 2,†,* , 1
and
3
1
Systems-Oriented Global Childhood Obesity Intervention Program, Department of Epidemiology and Environmental Health, School of Public Health and Health Professions, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, New York, NY 14214, USA
2
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, College of Public Health, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN 37614, USA
3
Key Laboratory of Public Health Safety, Chinese Ministry of Education, Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai 200000, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 24 July 2016 / Revised: 18 October 2016 / Accepted: 31 October 2016 / Published: 9 November 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1189 KB, uploaded 9 November 2016]   |  

Abstract

The fast-food (FF) industry and obesity rates have rapidly increased in China. This study examined the FF industry growth in China, key factors contributing to the growth, and the association between FF consumption (FFC) and obesity. We collected related data from multiple sources and conducted analysis including linear regression analysis on the increase in FF revenue. It was found that FF industry in China is large, with over two million FF facilities. Its total revenue (in million US$) increased from 10,464 in 1999 to 94,218 in 2013, and by 13% annually since 2008. Increased income, urbanization, busier lifestyle, speedy FF service, assurance of food safety, new brands and foods have stimulated demand for FF. Studies have linked FFC with obesity risk, including a few reporting a positive association between FFC and obesity in China. Rapid expansion of Western-style FF restaurants has also stimulated local FF industry growth. Government regulation and public health education need to address the health consequences of rapidly increasing FFC. Lessons learned in China will help other countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: fast food; dietary intake; obesity; overweight; policy; China fast food; dietary intake; obesity; overweight; policy; China
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Wang, Y.; Wang, L.; Xue, H.; Qu, W. A Review of the Growth of the Fast Food Industry in China and Its Potential Impact on Obesity. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1112.

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